Henan missed the chance to equalize in the 64th minute when Fernando Karanga's spot-kick was blocked by Guangzhou Evergrande goalkeeper Liu Dianzuo.
The South American zone World Cup qualifiers were originally scheduled to begin in late March but were suspended because of the coronavirus pandemic.
Bosnia and Herzegovina's Dejan Mileusnic, the 2016 Balkan champion, finished third with 79.57m. Enditem
The club insisted that their measures and protocols around COVID-19 remain stringent. They even offered to test the Hull City team ahead of Tuesday's fixture, but the visitors declined the offer.
In the 11th minute, the Spanish team were awarded a penalty after David Alaba felled Ivan Rakitic, allowing Lucas Ocampos to open the scoring in the 13th minute.
Five minutes later, Zhu Jianrong nearly contributed another goal for Huanghai in his one-on-one with Teda's goalkeeper. But his volley from small angle missed the target.
"We will apply the same rules at Roland Garros as elsewhere. We will go from 5,000 to 1,000," he told France 2 TV.
According to the requirements of the General Administration of Sports of China, only those who pass the physical tests standard will qualify for the championships.
On Thursday, R&F had more ball possession, but it was Shenhua who fielded 11 native players in the starting line-up and created more real chances.
"There is a lot of talk about a tight season and our small squad. I am sure we will have a strong squad with every position doubled up," goalkeeper Manuel Neuer commented.
His agent Oliver Fischer announced the player wouldn't accept the club's decision and may take legal action to be allowed to return to regular training. According to Fischer, Szalai refuses to leave the club.